- Family House in Cernošice \ Grido
- Viktoria – Multi-purpose building \ Grido
- Elementary School in Velká Chuchle \ Grido
Posted: 06 Jan 2013 02:05 AM PST
The 5+1 room detached house is located in the residential area of a small town close to Prague. Its narrow and sloping site is shaping the building. The form gently follows the contours of the slope in order to maximize the connection of interior with exterior.
Lining up the rooms of the house along the north edge of the site is like stringing beads on an imaginary axis of circulation passing through all of the interior spaces.
Every room – every bead – represents a member of the family living in, their cohesion and individuality at the same time, their freedom and the right for privacy. Each room has its own volume, height, color, texture and scent and all that provides a unique position in the hierarchy of family.
Living room and dining room are central, with the highest ceilings and are tightly connected to the garden. The other rooms are arranged alongside forming a shape bended at the ends.
Timber frame construction is covered by the metal cladding protecting the north facade. The south facade is open and articulated, offering an active zone. The building skin is rough and protective from the outside but smooth and warm inside.
Aiming to design a low energy house, a well-insulated timber frame construction, south-facing orientation and active and passive solar design was considered.
By collecting the sunlight through the large south-facing windows the wintertime passive heating is maximized. In order to minimize undesirable solar gain, there are no east and west-facing windows. The roof overhangs are sized to allow winter sun in and keep summer sun out. Forced air ventilation with heat recovery is combined with the low temperature heating system. Total annual energy consumption is below 50 kWh/m2.
The house represents an accomplished dream of a larger family – living in an open sunny house with panoramic views on the surrounding mountains.
+ Project facts
Project: Family House in Cernošice
+ All images and drawings courtesy Grido
Posted: 06 Jan 2013 02:02 AM PST
At some point, every project is subject to compromise. A compromise between the developer's requirements and the site's potential, between the architect's idea and the construction company's abilities. Architecture is about finding a compromise.
Multipurpose building Viktoria is located on a complicated site in Bratislava's city center – at the frontier of two different worlds – of an active boulevard on one side and of a quiet residential area on the other.
The architect's will was to align the building façade with the street façade line despite the existing parking area in front of the building that is not in clients ownership. This was accomplished by the cantilevered volume over the parking area. The tension between the parking void and the cantilevered mass above it animates the street life.
The building was getting taller over time as the developer's plans were getting bigger. The shape of the building is enlightened by the green atrium which serves all the residents. The atrium is not enclosed to public, nor entirely open. It communicates with the surrounding building. Each wing of the building is articulated differently and has a different height.
The building height of the part facing the neighbouring residential buildings is lower – corresponding to the genius loci of the street and allowing the sun into the courtyard. The façade is cladded with colored ceramic tiles in the same way the front part of the building is. In red brown colour from the outside, in white colour in the courtyard. Altogether, it forms a ‚plinth' on which another 8 storeys of apartments are stacked. The upper block is in contrast with the plinth – it is articulated floor by floor and cladded with the playful green colored glass. Shifting the floors reciprocally creates a dynamic effect of a form getting off its skin.
The functional zoning of the building is common for this kind of development in Bratislava – commercial spaces on the ground floor (1200 sqm) and office spaces (3000 sqm) in the building facing the active street. 160 apartments of medium and higher standard are located in the remaining wings of the building, embracing the common green areas. There are two underground floors of 270 parking lots.
+ Project facts
Project: Viktoria – Multi-purpose building
+ All image sand drawings courtesy Grido
Posted: 06 Jan 2013 02:24 AM PST
The new building adds 6 classrooms, toilets and dressing room to the existing school building dating from modern era of the last century.
The old building represents an exemplary antetype of the school object. The new extension is designed to leave it its importance and endorse it by the shape. Though it respects the old building, it still has to be a decent and motivating place for children to learn in.
The main massing have had to respect the existing corridor connecting to the back of the old building. The two storey extension leaves a large entrance courtyard in between the buildings. It serves as a large play area for the kids.
The cubic form of the extension is dominated by the bathrooms on the ground floor, next to the entrance. The main lavatory area – an interactive space for all users – provides a visual connection to the common areas through the glassed walls on two sides.
A traditional reinforced concrete structure and brick walls are articulated by a floor to ceiling windows. The system of exterior sun shades is appllied in front of the main insulated facades. Its form is designed according to the sun's trajectory, willing to provide the best visual and thermal comfort in classes throughout the day. The colour respects the old school building.
Forced air ventilation with heat recovery is in combination with radiant floor heating system.
Total annual energy consumption is below 50 kWh/m2.
+ Project facts
Project: Elementary School in Velká Chuchle
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